What Is Testosterone?

Testosterone is a male hormone also called an androgen. It is produced in your testicles. This hormone promotes the development of male sexual characteristics and supports masculine functions such as sperm production and sexual desire. This hormone is also essential for maintaining bone density, red blood cell level, muscle mass and a sense of well-being. 

Low levels of testosterone in your blood may result in a condition called androgen deficiency or hypogonadism. This may include increased body fat, reduced muscle size and swollen breasts. If your testosterone level is low you may also experience reduced sex drive, erectile dysfunction and low sperm count leading to infertility. 

A deficiency in testosterone affects all parts of your body and may cause:
  • Loss of body hair. 
  • Increased body fat 
  • Decreased muscle mass 
  • Diminished bone density which can lead to osteoporosis 
  • Mild anaemia 
  • Swollen or tender breasts 
  • Hot flashes 
  • Decreased energy and 
  • Depression 

Testosterone replacement therapy is the administration of man-made testosterone to raise the level of this hormone in your blood back to normal.

To relieve your symptoms you can take testosterone therapy via an injection, patch gel or tablet. 

If you have injections you will receive one every 2 to 3 weeks the test asked around will be delivered into the muscle of your buttocks if you use a testosterone skin patch you will place a patch on your arm and abdomen or upper buttocks you will change the patch daily if you use testosterone gel you will apply daily to the skin on your shoulder upper arm or abdomen if you use buccal tablets you will place one tablet on your gum line twice a day