In addition to many other symptoms of menopause, it also leads to changes in women. These symptoms vary from itchy dry skin to increase in skin oils, acne breakouts and thinning skin. Hormonal changes are the main cause of the changes especially estrogen whose changes include skin problems. Estrogen hormone plays the role of producing oils and formation of collagen in the skin.
During menopause, the estrogen level drops resulting to dry skin. Breakouts are not common but can be brought about by changes in hormonal profile. Sometimes estrogen drops in proportion to testosterone leading to oilier skin. The production of skin oils decreases with decrease in the levels both hormones. Decrease in skin oils reduces the skin protection effect hence less body ability to hold skin moisture.
Skin dryness could occur in any body part with itchiness restricted to hands. Since these changes are inevitable, the following are several ways of managing them to minimize changes that could otherwise be permanent.
Extremely important fatty acids support protective oil barriers of the skin assisting to keep the skin from loss of moisture. Eating foods rich in omega 3 is essential. The foods include; fish oil, green leafy vegetables, salmon, flax oil, sardines etc. It should be accompanied by drinking water to maintain body hydration.
Excessive exposure of the skin to the sun dries it causing damages which are long term. Sunscreen with micronized zinc oxide should be used. Wearing protective clothing and hats are recommended in the middle of the day.
Select a good moisturizer
For dry skin choose a moisturizer rich in cocoa butter to prevent evaporation of moisture, plant oils to promote health of skin cells and retention of moisture, antioxidants for maintaining skin cell health and holding moisture, and hyaluronic acid that assist the skin to hold and attract moisture.
In addition use oil serums at night to help skin moisture retention.